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INCOME RESPONSE PATTERN TO BEEF AND FROZEN FISH CONSUMPTION IN SELECTED COMMUNITIES IN CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA. By: AGBOGO, E. A, ABU, L. E, & KUYE, O. O.

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated income response pattern to beef and frozen fish consumption in selected communities in Cross River State. Data were collected from one hundred and thirty-five (135) respondents, using structured questionnaires.  Data  collected  were analyzed  using  descriptive  statistics  and  means  difference  analysis  (MDA) technique. The  results  obtained  from  the MDA  application  for  unrelated (independent)  samples with degree of freedom (df) of 30 at 0.05 level of probability gave a calculated t-value of  1.49,  while  the  tabulated  t-value  was  1.746.  Since  the calculated  t-value  was  less than  the  tabulated  t-value,  the  null  hypothesis  (Ho)  that  enhanced  income  response pattern  has  no  significant  relationship  with  beef  and  frozen  fish  consumption  in  the study area was accepted. The implication of this particular finding was that the choice of beef or frozen fish consumption in the study is not dependent on the enhanced income capacity of the consumers of the two products, but rather on the scale of choice which  is  characteristically  based  on  the  biological  properties  of  the  two  agricultural products. However, the study revealed that the farmers component of the total sampled population under primary occupation was (64) 47.40% and the largest, as against 17.04%  for  trading,  12.60%  for  civil  servants,  7.40%,  and  15.56%  for  others.  The  fact that  farmers  constitute  the  largest  component  of  the  total  sampled  population, smacks the high level of unemployment in the study area. Since this so, it is therefore clear that enhanced income among the rural population would not have any significant effect  on  the  consumption  response  of  the  respondents  as  a  result  of  any  change  in their  income  level. It  is  therefore  recommended that  both the  Federal  and the  State Governments should take measures to reduce the unemployment level in the country, as  this  is  the  only  sure  way  of  enhancing  the  consumption  capacity  of  the  Nigerian populace through their enhanced income levels. 

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